Bearded dragons are popular pets that are native to Australia. The expected life span of bearded dragons is around 8 to 10 years when they are cared for properly. Bearded dragons are noted for their fascinating and endearing greeting behaviour that make them interesting and entertaining to watch. These moderately sized lizards are considered as good pets because they are easy to handle and tame. They are docile and social animals that rarely display aggressive behaviour in captivity. However, they have fairly complex environmental and nutritional requirements so you may have to buy special equipment to take care of your pet.
Bearded Dragon Diet
Bearded dragons are omnivores that must be given a mixture of plant material, vertebrate and invertebrate prey. In captivity, they must be given a combination of vegetables, greens and insects.
The chitinous exoskeleton of the prey can affect the normal functioning of the digestive system of bearded dragons. Since crunchy bugs like roaches and mealworms are known to have a negative impact on their digestive system, you must feed them these bugs in limited quantities. To reduce impaction of the digestive system, you can feed them bugs immediately after a molt. After a molt the exoskeleton of the bugs becomes weak and has little impact on the digestive system.
Insects for Baby Bearded Dragons
Baby bearded dragons must be fed bugs more often than adult bearded dragons but the size of the bug must not be too large. You must feed them at least twice a day with appropriately sized bugs as they usually eat their food in less than 10 minutes. Make sure you don’t feed them in the morning until their cage is heated up or after their cage cools down in the evening because they require heat for digestion.
Insects for Adult Bearded Dragons
Unlike juveniles that must be fed twice a day, adult bearded dragons must be fed just once a day. Adult bearded dragons can be fed a wider range of bugs like red worms, waxworms, butterworms, superworms, earthworms and mealworms. However, these bugs must only be given as special treats with crickets making up the major portion of their diet. You can also feed your pet pinkie mice once or twice in a month.
Insects you should not feed
You should not give your pet wild caught insects as they can increase the risk of pesticide contamination. Also, you must not feed them boxelder bugs or fireflies as it can be toxic for both baby and adult bearded dragons.
The insects must be fed with nutritious food before you give them to your pet. They must also be dusted with phosphorus-free Vitamin D and calcium supplement. However, you must not dust them with multivitamins more than four times in a month.
Vegetables and Greens
You must feed bearded dragons green leafy vegetables like chickory greens, dandelion greens, turnip greens, mustard greens, parsley and escarole. You must also give them vegetables like green beans, squash, peas, carrots and bell pepper and fruits like apples, berries, papaya, grapes, mangoes, banana and blueberries. Vegetables and fruits must not be more than 35 percent of their diet. You can chop and mix all the vegetables and fruits to make a salad which can be given to them in shallow bowl.
Mange in dogs needs to be medically treated by a veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian will likely prescribe a treatment plan specifically designed for your dog’s infection. Treating mange in dogs can be a difficult task, as missing part of the treatment, or incompletion of treatment can lead to a re-infestation very quickly.
The first step to treating mange in dogs is to keep everything as clean as possible. This includes cleaning your dog’s bedding and blankets. Vacuuming and shampooing carpets, and focusing on areas your dog frequent may also help during treatment for mange in dogs.
If you discover your dog has contracted mange, it is important that he is isolated until treatment is complete. Keep your dog away from other animals, and avoid as much physical contact as possible while he is infected.
Preventing Mange In Dogs
Feeding your dog foods and vitamins rich with anti-oxidants will help to improve his immune system. A strong immune system will help to fight off and kill mites before it has a chance to burrow into your dog’s skin, causing mange in dogs.
Be very cautious about other animals that your dog comes in contact with. If you notice any bald or red patches or excessive scratching, it may be a sign that this animal is infected with mange.
Keeping your dog’s hygiene up is one of the most effective ways of preventing mange. Poor hygiene is a major cause of Sarcoptic mange in dogs (also known as scabies). Proper hygiene for the household and owner is just as important.
Home Remedies For Mange In Dogs
Along with medical treatments, you can try home remedies to help cure mange in dogs. Be sure to talk to your veterinarian about the type and severity of your dog’s mange before trying any home remedies to avoid further infection or irritation.
Herbal treatments for mange in dogs are safe and effective treatments using ingredients around the house.
Hydrogen Peroxide and Borax
8 tbs Borax
8 oz Hydrogen Peroxide
4 cups Warm Water
Mix borax with warm water and add hydrogen peroxide. Mix together and apply with a wet sponge. Soak your dog completely with the mixture and allow to air dry.
Dishwashing detergent – Wash your dog with a gentle, scent free dishwashing liquid. Allow the detergent to sit on the fur for a few minutes before rinsing thoroughly with warm water. Avoid towel drying if possible.
Lemon – Boil water and add one lemon, sliced. Allow this to steep overnight. Apply the mixture to your dog’s fur and allow to air dry.
Apple Cider Vinegar – Adding a tablespoon of vinegar to your dog’s meal will help to treat mange symptoms. You can also add a bit of apple cider vinegar to your dog’s bath, and rinse thoroughly.
Honey – Honey may be applied to red, patchy areas of the skin to help sooth irritation.
Garlic – Garlic contains sulfuric compounds that kill mites. Diluted garlic oil can be applied to the infected areas on the skin. It will also help to minimize the bacterial infection wherever it is applied.
Sarsparilla, Nettle and Echinacea – These are herbs which help treat mites from the inside. Echinacea helps to strengthen the immune system, which will help to fight off mites that cause mange in dogs. Nettle stimulates the circulation of blood which helps to heal wounds faster. Sarsparilla is an antibacterial herb which helps to eliminate toxins and heal mange in dogs.
Neem, Lavender and Almond oil – These essential oils are excellent for helping to heal affected areas when dealing with mange in dogs. Mix one part lavender oil, one part neem oil and ten parts almond oil. Apply to the affected areas twice a day.